HammerToe

A hammer toe deformity is a contracture of the toe(s). In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint, so that it is buckled or hammered. Initially, hammer toes are flexible and can be corrected with simple measures but, if left untreated, they can become fixed and require surgery. People with hammer toes may have corns or calluses on the top of the middle joint of the toe or on the tip of the toe. They may also feel pain in their toes or feet and have difficulty finding comfortable shoes.

Causes

Hammer toes result from shoes that don’t fit properly or a muscle imbalance, usually in combination with one or more other factors. Muscles work in pairs to straighten and bend the toes. If the toe is bent and held in one position long enough, the muscles tighten and cannot stretch out. Shoes that narrow toward the toe may make your forefoot look smaller. But they also push the smaller toes into a flexed (bent) position. The toes rub against the shoe, leading to the formation of corns and calluses, which further aggravate the condition. A higher heel forces the foot down and squishes the toes against the shoe, increasing the pressure and the bend in the toe. Eventually, the toe muscles become unable to straighten the toe, even when there is no confining shoe.

To learn more about treatment for Hammer Toes, please call our Matthews office (704) 845-2920, our Monroe office (704) 292-1380 or CLICK HERE to request an appointment. 

Get in touch.

InStride-Foot & Ankle of the Carolinas

Matthews Office
Bellasera Office Park
2950 Senna Drive
Matthews, NC 28105
(704) 845-2920

Monroe Office
Metro Medical Park
1630 A Campus Park Drive
Monroe, NC 28112
(704) 292-1380